ACSI Vol 17.3 : Page 25

It Allows for Differentiation We were really not that good at differentiation before we flipped our classrooms. But since we were able to meet with each student every day, we were able to individual-ize instruction to meet the individual needs of learners. Those students who struggle got the attention they needed, and the students who were excelling were given the appropriate challenge to take them to the next level. miss direct instruction. They will miss out on the engag-ing in-class activities, but the main content will have been covered on an asynchronously accessible video. It Helps When the Teacher Is Absent Teachers are often out of the building for a variety of reasons: professional development, illness, coaching, meetings, and so on, and it can be difficult to find quali-fied substitute teachers. Creating instructional videos is a great way to prevent students from getting behind. Even if you don’t completely flip your classroom, you could create short videos for when you are gone and redeem the time you are out of your classroom. It Creates an Atmosphere of Learning As we made the shift away from traditional instruction, we found that our classrooms were no longer places where information is disseminated but rather hubs of learning and inquiry. Since a flipped classroom involves the teacher interacting with each student, the teacher can help one student drill deeper into a subject while provid-ing another with the appropriate support to become successful. This creates an atmosphere where learning, rather than teaching, is the goal. Students begin to take more and more ownership of their own learning. And if students take ownership for their own learning, they are no longer passive recipients of knowledge but active learners. You Don’t Have to Flip Every Lesson A flipped classroom is a flexible classroom, and the beauty of this flexibility is that you don’t have to flip every lesson. Flipping only a few lessons is a great entry point into the flipped classroom. If you just flip a few lessons, we encourage you to pick topics that students struggle with. What is that one lesson in your course you find yourself repeating over and over again with students? That lesson is a perfect lesson to flip because not only will you have the lesson archived for quick retrieval and review by students, but you will be able to spend more time helping your students individually understand the difficult concept. Students Can Learn at Their Pace As teachers, we often speak too quickly. We know our content well, and we know how to convey it—or so we think. When we are teaching a specific topic, we often try to pace our instruction on the basis of the needs of the majority of our students. If we go too fast, then many students get left behind; if we go too slowly, we bore many. So we typically shoot for the middle. One thing very powerful about moving direct instruction out of the group class time and onto a video is the fact that students have control of the pause and rewind buttons. Students can pause the teacher who is speaking faster than they can process. Students can rewind and go over a difficult topic as many times as necessary instead of asking the teacher to go back to the previous PowerPoint slide. By creating instructional videos, teachers can help students learn at a pace that is most appropriate for each of them. Relationships with Students Are Better There is something about getting the teacher away from the front of the room that changes the dynamic in a flipped classroom. Moving the attention away from the teacher and onto the individual learner allows the teacher to know her students better than ever before, both cogni-tively and personally. When teachers are in among their students, conversing with them and listening to them, teachers get to know their students’ struggles with con-tent and can lead them to the place of the aha moment! As teachers are interacting more closely with students, they get to know them more as individuals. Teachers learn of their struggles, their hopes, and their fears. Teachers are It Helps When Students Are Absent A lot goes into preparing a lesson. Teachers spend a lot of time preparing a polished presentation, but invari-ably some students are out of class. The absent students ask what they missed, and this requires the teacher to reteach what had been painstakingly done in class. However, absent students in a flipped classroom never The Flipped Classroom . cse Volume 17 Number 3 . 2013/2014 25

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