Learning By Design Fall_2016 : Page 36
A R NI NG BY DE S IG LE EARL Y CHILDHOOD SCHOOL/ELEMENT AR Y SCHOOL N Discovery Elementary School Arlington, VA Honorable Mention 2016 New Construction/Addition Entire school/campus building VMDO Architects 200 East Market St. · Charlottesville, VA 22902 www.vmdo.com Wyck Knox · 434/296-5684 DESIGN TEAM VMDO Architects, Architect-of-Record CMTA Engineers, Net Zero & M/E Engineering Fox & Associates, Structural Engineering Bowman Consulting Group, Civil Engineering Oculus, Landscape Architecture OWNER/CLIENT Arlington Public Schools Arlington, VA Dr. Patrick Murphy 703/228-8634 KEY STATS Grades Served: PreK–5 Capacity: 630 Size of Site: 15.5 acres Building Area: 97,588 sq. ft. Space per Student: 155 sq. ft. Cost per Student: $52,110 Square Foot Cost: $336 Project Cost: $32,830,000 Completion Date: September 2015 Sustainability Rating Status: LEED (Tracking LEED Platinum) PHOTOGRAPHY: LINCOLN BARBOUR Discovery Elementary is the first new elementary school built in Arlington, Virginia in more than a decade. The goal of this project is to address growing student enrollment while reaching for the highest standards possible—in instructional space as well as sustainability, operating costs and flexibility. To this end, care-ful attention was focused on designing a school that supports how and where students learn. Recognizing that students are the creators of our collective future, the school sets the stage for the development of the skills necessary for long-term stewardship of our world. The school was designed to be a Net Zero Energy Building (NZEB). Discovery Elementary is anticipated to become the first Net Zero Energy school in the Mid-Atlantic and the largest in the United States. The school features an extensive array of furniture and environmental graphics—creating a dynamic range of learning environments that support student engagement. Taken together, these spaces add up to a school that students don’t want to leave at the end of the day and can’t wait to return to in the morning. 36 • LEARNING B Y DESIGN F ALL 2016 | WWW.LEARNINGBYDESIGN.BIZ
Early Childhood School/Elementary School
Discovery Elementary School
Discovery Elementary is the first new elementary school built in Arlington, Virginia in more than a decade. The goal of this project is to address growing student enrollment while reaching for the highest standards possible—in instructional space as well as sustainability, operating costs and flexibility. To this end, careful attention was focused on designing a school that supports how and where students learn.
Recognizing that students are the creators of our collective future, the school sets the stage for the development of the skills necessary for long-term stewardship of our world. The school was designed to be a Net Zero Energy Building (NZEB). Discovery Elementary is anticipated to become the first Net Zero Energy school in the Mid-Atlantic and the largest in the United States.
The school features an extensive array of furniture and environmental graphics—creating a dynamic range of learning environments that support student engagement. Taken together, these spaces add up to a school that students don’t want to leave at the end of the day and can’t wait to return to in the morning.
Aspire Antonio Maria Lugo Academy
Huntington Park, CA
This K–5 campus—with classrooms, support spaces and play area—is a publicly funded school that uses state funding and preserves site area for a privately funded 36-unit housing project planned for future development. The 400-student, two-story building is situated on a two-acre site and employs modular construction designed using custom elements—including vibrantly colored corrugated metal panels, burnished CMU, steel and glass—to give this school a unique identity.
The centerpiece of the building is its ground floor multipurpose space/cafeteria, which opens to an outdoor play area via large glass bifold doors. Bright classrooms contain a combination of roll-up glass doors and plentiful windows.
Our team had two years to complete this project which included a Conditional Use Permit and short, six month construction duration—the impetus for using a modular system which allowed building construction to take place offsite concurrent with site development.
Athol Community Elementary School
For a number of years, the Town of Athol, a New England mill town, was seeking to improve its three aging elementary schools. After a thorough study of multiple options, the preferred option consolidated all district elementary students into a single new school serving 615 students in grades PreK thru 4. Building a new school produced a unique opportunity to realize the potential public schools have in providing enrichment programs that benefit, students, families and the greater community by enabling community access to shared amenities. Looking back at the model of “neighborhood” schools which were an essential part of every New England mill town, there was a sense of comfort and community in the smaller learning environments they offered. Critical to the success of this project was maintaining that sense by finding a cost-effective fit for students, families and administrators, while creating a refreshing learning environment appropriate for fostering student and community engagement in learning. The exterior design is meant to celebrate Athol’s renewed commitment to education by using architectural iconography that reflects the stature of public schools as important civic institutions.
The interior was designed with flexibility in mind, with spatial relationships and technology centered on 21stcentury learning. Academic spaces of various sizes are adaptable to a range of educational uses. The structural grid of the school enables an easy modifications of spaces to meet possible changing needs in the future. From a technology perspective, wireless communication is provided thought the building and computer access is hardwired where appropriate.
This new school affords the elementary aged children of Athol a facility that rivals surrounding districts and provides abundant natural lighting, better air circulation in a high-efficiency building, all of which are conducive to improved learning.
Billings Public Schools, McKinley Elementary School
Imagine a school that is not only the pride of the community, but its identity. This is McKinley Elementary—a historic school, originally built in 1906. This renovation and expansion went beyond adding classrooms and restoring iconic masonry. Squeaky wood floors were refinished and old radiators left in place for charm (while a high-efficiency heating and cooling system replaced an ailing steam boiler), and the iconic fire escape was retained. Classrooms were added and floor layouts reorganized. Bathrooms are now found on each floor.
The addition is nearly as large as the original structure and while capacity was doubled, outdoor play space was preserved (as the existing one-story annex was demolished). For the first time, McKinley is fully accessible— with the addition of an elevator and a new special education classroom (with its own bathroom and shower).
At the ribbon cutting, designers, educators, and builders stood among four generations of families who attended this school and all appreciated, with pride, that McKinley will be here for many generations to come.
Brookwood Elementary School
Brookwood Elementary School is a product of a prototype design developed by the design team to allow for simultaneous construction of three new elementary schools replacing nine existing outdated neighborhood schools. The school is designed to support two specific grade-grouping structures, K–2 and 3–5, in a “school within a school” format. The design places functions shared by both programs— Learning Resource Center, dining, gymnasium, administration, and art and music instruction— at the center of the building with other academic spaces flanking the shared core. Learning studios, small-group instruction areas and large-group instruction areas provide spaces for individual, small-, medium- and large-group learning. Spaces traditionally used as vertical transition areas function as additional dynamic, large-group instruction spaces in the form of “learning stairs.”
Incorporating sustainable measures that include ground source heat pump system, recycled/ renewable materials, rain gardens, high-efficiency building envelope and dimmable/daylight-controlled lighting systems, the district is reducing overall energy usage by consolidating the population of three inefficient buildings into one highly-efficient facility
Flora Elementary School
Faced with four aged and outdated buildings, the Flora School District elected to consolidate into one new building funded by a state grant and local bond referendum. The site chosen is located adjacent to the school district’s athletic fields and in the heart of the community. The new facility consists of a 126,000 sf single story, with 40 full-size classrooms, PreK–5, plus ten special use classrooms and support facilities.
The floor plan is that of a “neighborhood” concept. Common core education spaces are located on either side of a “main street” corridor. The multipurpose room/cafeteria and gymnasium share a common stage by using partitions to provide multiple configurations. Comfortable outdoor learning spaces include two enclosed courtyards and a covered patio. The site design logically separates auto and pedestrian traffic from school bus and service traffic.
The building construction is slab on grade and poured foundation with structural and light gauge steel frame and masonry load-bearing walls, sloped steel roof trusses and bar joists with metal roofing.
Fort Rucker Elementary School
Fort Rucker, AL
The new Fort Rucker Elementary School, located on an active military installation, is designed as a modern learning environment filled with features and technology to meet the needs of 21st-century students. The academic spaces are housed in seven learning neighborhoods with learning studios and staff collaboration areas that open to larger learning hubs. Located at each entry is a unique Learning Wall that gives each neighborhood its own identity and promotes wayfinding. The learning studios embrace the 21st century with flexible furniture and operable walls between studios that allow the educational environment to adapt to the needs of the changing curriculum and teaching modalities.
The Commons, a two-story social gathering space, serves as the transition between the learning neighborhoods and the Dining/Multi- Purpose space, Gymnasium, Music and Art suites. The elementary school building serves as a teaching tool with elements that support sustainability and educational opportunities for students. These features include: bio gardens, a learning terrace, a community plaza, a history walk, a demonstration photovoltaic panel and wind turbine.
Ft. Sill, OK
Freedom Elementary School is a 210,000 SF state-of-the-art educational complex encompassing 33 acres at Fort Sill Army Garrison and operated by Lawton Public Schools (LPS). This $42.2 million project was accomplished through a partnership between local, state and federal civilian and military leadership. The brownfield development site required significant landfill and floodplain mitigation prior to construction. The new campus replaced two elementary schools at Fort Sill which, according to a 2011 U.S. Department of Defense facilities assessment, were overcrowded and in poor condition.
Despite its size, the facility enjoys greater safety and security than traditional schools due to secure interior and exterior sight-lines, secured perimeter via access control management and CCTV systems, secure entrance vestibules and four FEMA-compliant tornado safe rooms that can withstand winds up to 250 mph. In addition, the reinforced concrete and steel complex complies with federal Anti-Terrorism Force Protection criteria which include blast-standoff distances, blast-rated windows and doors, a mass notification system monitored locally by Lawton’s 911 dispatch and HVAC emergency shutoff controls to prevent distribution of contaminants through the building.
The school’s innovative design offers reduced life-cycle costs as its building envelope, lighting and mechanical systems achieve and energy-efficiency performance 30% better than code minimums. The complex also boasts a unified campus A/V system comprising network video displays, centralized routine and emergency communication protocols, networked intercom and instructional technology.
When complete, Freedom Elementary will achieve USGBC LEED Gold Certification and become the largest elementary school in Oklahoma. LPS has established the Lawton- Fort Sill Military Child Education Coalition to work collaboratively with military families, civilian and military leaders, educators and community members to establish support systems and develop processes that promote smooth transitions and resolve other educational issues related to the military child.
Cedar Falls, IA
As planning began for the renovation of Hansen, the district desired 21st-century styled, individual spaces within and outside the classrooms. We worked with the district to expand the learning delivery model from a strictly lecture-style format to a variety of small group, large group, collaborative and student-centered learning spaces.
This pedagogy paradigm-shift was achieved by creating new learning communities around shared collaborative spaces, with clerestory glass to bring natural day-lighting deep into the building. Small group breakout areas were created at every classroom window and were accentuated on the exterior of the building as precast concrete window bays, highlighting to the public the inclusive and transparent learning environments within.
The collaborative “learning on display” campus style is particularly evident in the student commons/cafeteria. This is flanked by an expansive glass wall connecting students to the playground, outdoor learning classroom and adjacent park. It has become a beacon of the neighborhood and a jewel in the district’s building portfolio.
Jonas Salk Elementary School
San Diego, CA
Fairy shrimp, a microscopic organism and endangered species, was nearly the cause for abandoning this project. A Congressional hearing, a collaborative property swap between the city and school district, and after ten years of haggling, the project was given the green light. Seven buildings were designed including 24 standard classrooms, six kindergarten classrooms, two classrooms for special needs, and a Learning Resource Center. The buildings are steel frame, pitched roofs, with stucco finish.
As the proposed site is situated in the middle of an existing neighborhood, the consensus from interactive community outreach presentations was integrated into the design. Named for Dr. Jonas Salk, discoverer of the first polio vaccine, his son Dr. Peter Salk provided memorabilia for the school and participated in the design of the wall art dedicated to his father.
Photovoltaic carports provide 15% of the energy for the campus. The project received a grant from the local gas/electric company, a rebate from the State for the installation of solar panels, and exceeded State of California Title 24 regulations by 35.9%.
PS 343 Manhattan–The Peck Slip School
New York, NY
PS 343 Manhattan–The Peck Slip School is a conversion of an existing U.S. Postal Service Station located within Manhattan’s South Street Seaport Historic District into a new public school serving the needs of the surrounding community. The vertical addition and renovation acknowledges the limits and scale of the existing building while establishing a distinctive character for the new facility that recognizes its public role and location through references (such as the exposed roof structure play area) to the adjacent Brooklyn Bridge and the historic ships at the piers.
Located on Peck Slip between Pearl Street and Water Street, the new facility accommodates a capacity of 712 students in grades PreK through 5. The project encompasses approximately 97,000 SF in seven floors above grade. The project scope includes a 69,300 SF renovation and adaptive re-use of the four existing floors of the building and a 27,700 SF vertical addition of three new floors. The school includes dedicated science classrooms and a rooftop play area with breathtaking views of lower Manhattan.
Rochester City School District–Henry Hudson School No. 28
Built in 1969, this Brutalist-style school in a Rochester, NY, residential neighborhood was dark and austere, with any prior renovation limited by the substantial presence of regulated building materials. Abatement and a total renovation was performed on the existing 85,000 sq. ft. building, and over 8,000 sq. ft. in additions were added to the footprint. Project scope included a new stair tower and main entrance; all new building systems, including energy efficient HVAC, electrical and plumbing systems; new windows and a roof restoration. Beyond its engineering challenges, however, the true transformation of this building lies in the unique reconfiguration of its interior space.
With only 12 feet of floor-to-floor height to work with, the design team creatively transformed existing corridors of dark gray CMU walls, dark brown brick floors, and low ceilings. The undulating floor plan created unique pathways, accented planes, and glass storefront systems. Light and bright finishes reflect borrowed natural light. The new floor plan also offers a new, secure single point of entry, which features a glass storefront system for visual openness and security film to protect the building’s occupants.
The exterior additions allowed for a dramatically reimagined entrance from the hulking portico of the original building. The whimsical square pattern on exterior surfaces plays on the existing blocky vocabulary. The street-facing façade is no longer a wall of concrete and, in its place, is transparency and a colorful neighborhood face. School 28 has been transformed into a modern, dynamic space for its K–8 occupants.
Sanders Memorial Elementary School
Land O’ Lakes, FL
Sanders Memorial Elementary was designed and developed as a STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math) Magnet School. The facility provides an integrally organized learning environment infused with both traditional and 21st-century design principles. The classroom centers are enhanced with state-of-the-art AV technology and multiple learning “places” to engage the students in discovery and self-awareness, as well as promote group collaboration and problem solving. Students gain a comprehensive understanding in various subjects, mastering the core literacy skills of writing, reading, speaking, listening, viewing and presenting, while also mastering STEAM Literacy skills of design, inquiry, innovation and teamwork. At Sanders Elementary, the parents are active partners in their children’s learning process.
The existing site was restrictive and challenging. The opportunity to bring the outdoor environment into the learning process was a high priority. New buildings were planned adjacent existing renovated buildings, creating an internal courtyard. The courtyard serves as the outdoor classroom and the heart of the school. The space allows for safe and secure outdoor student activities and school wide events.
The project included an iconic Administration Center, a Center for Design & Innovation, Classroom Centers, Dining Room and Kitchen, Music and Art Centers, an outdoor theater, covered play courts, and an environmental boardwalk and Learning Pavilion.
Solana Ranch Elementary School
San Diego, CA
The school is organized around small learning communities. The plan and massing articulate three “neighborhoods” of 175– 200 students. These two-story, multi-grade ‘”houses” feature shared resource areas and outdoor learning spaces to empower teachers to facilitate multiple styles of learning simultaneously by allowing students to work outside the footprint of the daylit classrooms. Science, art, music, technology and special education classrooms are integrated into each community. The neighborhoods are connected by “indoor streets” linking six shared “collaboration zones.” To the north, a multipurpose hall, media resource center and administrative center form a central hub.
Situated on 10 acres next to a public park in Pacific Highlands Ranch, the school is scaled to complement surrounding neighborhoods. Two outstretched wings embrace the main entry. The southern two-story building stretches east to west to maximize north and south-facing classrooms. The northern wing houses a preschool pod and a multipurpose room. The two wings are linked by a large dining porch and the administrative core. Sloped roofs and articulated massing bridge to the scale of the surrounding housing. The playgrounds link adjoining neighborhoods as an extension to the park.
The structure is a rigid steel frame with steel stud infill. Clad in painted stucco and cement fiberboard siding, the building projects a residential character. The aluminum casement windows, rolling garage doors, sliding and folding doors link indoor and outdoor learning spaces. Steel columns doubling as rainwater leaders support dramatic tapered trellises. Photovoltaic arrays on south-sloping metal roofs and crystalline arrays over parking provide electricity.
The mechanical system is a design innovation which employs displacement ventilation in all learning spaces. Large diffusers, incorporated into teaching walls, deliver quiet, low velocity air. Unusual for displacement ventilation, each classroom is cooled and heated by individual package units. Cross-ventilation is provided through operable windows and low velocity fans.
William F. Cooke, Jr. Elementary School
The 600 student William F. Cooke, Jr. Elementary School is Red Clay Consolidated School District’s first new school in over 10 years. The main entry provides for cross-thru access, allowing for bus and vehicular separation on site while creating a central entry feature highlighted with the “Bus Tank” aquarium and a “Lego Wall.” The “Bus Tank” was created using a bus salvaged from Hurricane Sandy flood waters. Centrally located Administration, Media Center and Community Room areas are directly accessible from the main entry. The Main Stair, enclosed in a glazed shaft, acts as a beacon of activity during the day and glows at night.
The building is nestled into the sloping site with multiple floor elevations. The K–1 wing is separated from the two-story academic wing housing grades 2–3 on the lower level and grades 4–5 on the second floor. Each wing has centrally located breakout learning spaces and teacher support areas. Bright colors serve as a wayfinding device and enlivens the student experience both inside and outside the school.
Read the full article at http://pubs.royle.com/article/Early+Childhood+SchoolElementary+School/2602373/344206/article.html.